Welcome to ABC Pest Control - Termites Blue Mountains where you can find detailed information about termite colonies, information about termites, termite eating habits, termite nests, termite types, the differences between ants and termites and how to prevent termites in the Blue Mountains, NSW area.
ABC Pest Control provides professional termite inspections and termite control services for all residents and businesses in the Blue Mountains, NSW area. ABC Pest Control has over 10 years of experience in dealing with termites and has a wealth of knowledge regarding termite colonies and termite types in the Blue Mountains.
For a quote on termite control in the Blue Mountains area please contact ABC Pest Control today on 1300 411 970.
Each termite colony consists of the following members of which each has a specific job:
Termites live in highly structured colonies in formed nests deep in the ground or inside logs. The life cycle of a termite colony is different to those of the ant. The life cycle of the ant consists of four stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult whereas the lifecycle of termites are based on a castle system (workers, soldiers, queens and kings).
Termites live in highly organized colonies divided into castles, each performing a specific function. Termites aren’t born into their castes; they take on roles depending on what’s needed by the colony. Some entomologist believes that adult termites used hormones to somehow signal immature termites to develop into certain roles.
Preventing termites doesn’t necessarily involve termite control or inspections but also learning about their behaviour and recognising the early signs of their presence.
Termites are commonly referred to as white ants but as you can see from the diagram below that they’re quite different. Termites are in fact a social relative of the cockroach and belong to the cockroach family (Blattodea).
King and Queen Termites:
A colony of termites always consists of a king termite and a queen termite. These two termites are regarded as the parents as they have fully developed sex organs that are capable of producing lots and lots and baby termites.
Once the queen termite begins to lay her eggs her body size increases and can reach up to 11cm in length. She is also able to produce over 2,000 eggs per day. The king termite usually grows to about 1-2 cm long and remains with the queen for the rest of her life and continues to fertilise the eggs.
Winged Reproductive Termites also known as Swarmers or Alates:
The winged reproductive termites are also known as swarmers or alates and about a third of the termite populate leave the well-established termite colony in search of a new location. These winged termites cannot fly very well and are most often swept up by the wind or eaten by bird, ants or lizards.
If however the winged termites are successful, they then proceed to look for a mate and once it they have mated their wings are shed which makes them available to become the new king and queen termites and start a new colony.
The worker termites consist of the largest individuals in the entire termite colony. These termites are mostly blind and maintain the colony through the provision of food, grooming the queen, repairing damaged tunnels and creating new tunnels.
The soldier termites are responsible for defending the termite colony against enemies. One solider termite may guard an entry but there will be many more solider termites standing right behind him.
The solider termites are usually slightly larger than the worker termites tend to have an average life span of about one year. They are also dependant on the worker termites and have large jaws, blind vision and no wings
Termite Eating Habits:
Termites are very selective in their choice of food; they feed on plant fibres (cellulose), sugars and starches found in typical types of wood timbers. Some wood may not be to their liking due to the taste or the presence of unnatural chemicals in the wood. The thicker the wood is the longer it will take termites to successfully chew through it.
The worker termites have the ability to digest the cellulose in the infested wood due to the presence of single celled protozoa in their intestines. The protozoa produces an enzyme that converts the plant fibres into soluble glucose.
These protozoa are passed on to other members in the colony through the consumption of their faeces, grooming and consumption of the dead or injured termites in the colony.
The termite nests are sealed from air to maintain humidity in the range of 25-35 degrees. Most termites do not like the light and therefore live and work in the darkness. Once the termite nest is exposed, the termites follow their scent back home. The central termite nest may extend up to 100m in radius as the termites continue to build tunnels in search of food.
Termites work together and build amazing structures and hollow trees and are vital to the ecology but can also be destructive to your Blue Mountains home.